Navicular disease is one of the most common disorders that causes lameness in athletic horses’ forelimbs. The symptoms, on the other hand, are not detected in ponies or donkeys. The disease will impact the horse’s navicular bone, which is located in the hoof at the back of the coffin bone and is the source of the horse’s pain. These symptoms carry a variety of names such as navicular syndrome, navicular disease, and caudal heel pain, but they all pertain to the same irritating condition. The majority of these studies reveal no significant treatment results, and the horse occasionally retains a limp walk. Because the general agreement will relate to a biomechanical component rather than a specific illness entity, the syndrome is more likely to represent a complicated pathophysiological interpretation. The structure of the horse’s distal limb will play a significant part in the processing of this condition that produces lameness.
Various studies of today have yielded positive results on how to handle the slowing, eliminating the difficulties, or finding a way to reduce the horses’ discomfort. Unfortunately, because the disease is chronic and degenerative, it only provides temporary comfort and does not provide a possible cure on them. One methodical approach to alleviate the symptoms is to properly shoe their feet and trim their toes to avoid irregularities in their balance. Foot care is very important in order to maintain phalangeal alignment and balance so that horses can walk straight without being bothered by their projecting nails or worn-out shoes.
Navicular disease normally affects the feet of horses to varying degrees, but it can be diagnosed when one leg is always raised higher than the other. When the horse gallops when doing a tight loop in the corner, this is one of several indications or manifestations that the horse has a navicular disease. This will clearly demonstrate that the animal will experience excruciating pain when doing an active action due to the inconveniences that it provides. More observation has been proven when the horse switches his leg to the inside to alleviate the lameness of their feet. Of course, navicular disease is more common when the horse is engaged in intensive activity rather than relaxing.
Medicating or controlling these navicular illnesses has always been implemented to various classification. Injecting a corticosteroid into the coffin joint will significantly help the situation in terms of pain relief. Drugs with a vascular or hemodynamic effect may also provide beneficial effects and the other is the biomechanical solution, in which good trimming and shoeing play a vital role to relieve the pain may also be another advantageous method. None of these treatments, nevertheless, will be widely accepted as the most effective approach to exterminate the disease. The most prevalent medical treatment for these horses’ suffering is the administration of an anti-inflammatory medicine, which temporarily relieves the pain. Nonetheless, these procedures should be carried out by a medical specialist who has a degree in animal science and is familiar with animal treatment. Indeed, the navicular disease that was observed in the horse’s lame is a natural symptom of an athletic or active horse.